Plant Specifications

Scientific name: Echinacea purpurea

Family: Asteraceae

Echinacea is a perennial herbaceous plant with a height of 50-90 cm and has erect stems. Echinacea is native to North America. Different species of Echinacea need adequate light and relatively warm weather during growth. The name Echinacea is derived from the Greek word Akino meaning hedgehog, which indicates that the flowers of this plant are prickly. The vegetative parts and roots of this plant contain active ingredients. Active and important components of the Echinacea shoot include extract (caffeic acid derivatives including chicoric acid, caftaric acid, chlorogenic acid, echinacoside, and cynarin) and essential oils (germacrene D, beta-caryophyllene, and humulene). Active ingredients in the roots and vegetative parts of different species of Echinacea have antifungal, antibacterial, and antiviral properties and they are used to make medicines to prevent and treat colds and respiratory diseases. The active ingredients of different species of Echinacea also strengthen the immune system of the body by increasing the production of immunoglobulin in blood.

Consumable parts

Consumable parts include aerial parts and roots, medicinal organs of the plant.

.Properties and active ingredients:

This plant is used for cold remedy, strengthen the immune system. It has anti-inflammatory and wound healing properties, cough, bronchitis and lung infections.

The most important active ingredients: chicoric acid, chlorogenic acid, echinacoside and cynarin

Advantages of cultivation in Halikook farms

Proper planting pattern, use of drip irrigation method and minimal use of chemical pesticides

Application in industry

The different parts of Echinacea, including the roots and aerial parts, are widely used in the pharmaceutical industry for prevention and it is used to cure bacterial and viral infections, especially colds and flu, as well as to strengthen the immune system and increase the body's defenses